<p>Holiday River employs experts that strive to make white water rafting adventures a fun, enjoyable and adrenaline-packed experience. To help teach beginning white water rafters the details about rafting lingo, their experts have compiled a list of definitions to help educate adventurers.</p>
<ul>
<li><strong>Bailer</strong> – This open-ended container helps remove unnecessary water from the raft.</li>
<li><strong>Boils</strong> – This refers to an abrupt or unexpected rise or increase in water level.</li>
<li><strong>Bow</strong> – This is the front of the boat.</li>
<li><strong>Carabiner</strong> – A clip that helps secure items to the boat.</li>
<li><strong>Cataraft</strong> – An inflatable boat that features two pontoons.</li>
<li><strong>Channel</strong> – The river’s path.</li>
<li><strong>Chute</strong> – A narrow channel with deeper, swifter water currents.</li>
<li><strong>Ducky</strong> – An inflatable kayak.</li>
<li><strong>Eddy</strong> – The flow of water behind an obstacle that is upstream.</li>
<li><strong>Feathering</strong> – Rotating an oar in a manner that allows more power and energy to be released.</li>
<li><strong>Ferry</strong> – Crossing a river or current without moving downstream.</li>
<li><strong>Flip</strong> – When the raft turns upside down.</li>
<li><strong>Flotilla</strong> – A group of boats that are together.</li>
<li><strong>Fork</strong> – Where a river splits into a minimum of two separate channels.</li>
<li><strong>Gradient</strong> – Helps to quantify the depth of a river.</li>
<li><strong>Guide </strong>– The person who gives commands and steers the boat.</li>
<li><strong>Haystack</strong> – A series of waves in higher waters.</li>
<li><strong>High Water</strong> – Higher than average river flow.</li>
<li><strong>Hole</strong> – When a depression or hole causes reverse water flow.</li>
<li><strong>Hoopi</strong> – Tubular webbing that is often used for preparing and rigging boats.</li>
<li><strong>Hydraulic</strong> – A transformation in the water’s current that can ultimately modify the speed of the raft.</li>
<li><strong>Laterals</strong> – A hole or wave that peels off an obstacle at an angle.</li>
<li><strong>Low Water</strong> – Lower than average river flow.</li>
<li><strong>Oar-Lock</strong> – A sheath that when placed in a rollock helps prevent an oar from feathering.</li>
<li><strong>Paddle</strong> – A single-blade, lightweight instrument that helps propel a raft backward or forward.</li>
<li><strong>Paddle Commands</strong> – The commands used by the crew and guide to communicate.</li>
<li><strong>Pool</strong> – A smooth area of flat water without any rapids.</li>
<li><strong>Pool Drop</strong> – A whitewater rapid of short duration that both begins and ends with calm weather.</li>
<li><strong>Portage</strong> – Carrying a raft around unsafe falls or rapids.</li>
<li><strong>Put-In</strong> – The river’s access where the trip begins.</li>
<li><strong>Raft</strong> – The central equipment used in rafting that does not have a hull.</li>
<li><strong>Rapids</strong> – A series of consecutive turbulence and waves.</li>
<li><strong>Riffle </strong>– A small rapid that is caused by shallow rocks or a sand bar that extends across the stream’s bed.</li>
<li><strong>River Left</strong> – The left side of the river (facing downstream).</li>
<li><strong>River Rating</strong> – Measures the difficulty of a river or rapid.</li>
<li><strong>River Right</strong> – The right side of the river (facing downstream).</li>
<li><strong>Rollock </strong>– A metal u-shape bracket that helps secure the oar to the frame of the boat, allowing the oar to pivot. This is different from an oar-lock.</li>
<li><strong>Run</strong> – Describes a river segment that is rafted.</li>
<li><strong>Safety Talk</strong> – When rafters learn about river safety.</li>
<li><strong>Scouting</strong> – Surveying a rapid ahead of time to determine the best point of passage.</li>
<li><strong>Setting Safety</strong> – When rafters hike down past a rapid to determine the best way to overcome a point in the river.</li>
<li><strong>Solo Cat</strong> – A one-person cataraft that features a double-bladed paddle.</li>
<li><strong>Standing Waves</strong> – When water converges at the end of or around a submerged object.</li>
<li><strong>Stern</strong> – The rear of the boat.</li>
<li><strong>Strainer</strong> – A barrier that allows limited or restrictive entry.</li>
<li><strong>Swimmer</strong> – Someone who has fallen out of the raft.</li>
<li><strong>Take-Out</strong> – The destination where rafts are removed from the water. </li>
<li><strong>Throw Bag</strong> – A small bag that contains a coiled rope that is often used to help rescue rafters that have fallen in the water.</li>
<li><strong>Whitewater Rafting</strong> – The moving water that becomes turbulent when passing over rocks, down a steep gradient or through a narrow channel. </li>
</ul>
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